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Policies » Section D: Fiscal Management » DIA: Fund Balance Policy

Policy Date: 04/07/2016

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1. In accordance with the governmental accounting standard, GASB Statement No. 54, the
School Board recognizes the following five categories of fund balance for financial reporting
a. Nonspendable Fund Balance – non-cash assets such as inventories or prepaid items.
b. Restricted Fund Balance – funds legally restricted for specific purposes, such as grant,
food service and expendable trust funds.
c. Committed Fund Balance – amounts that can only be used for specific purposes
pursuant to a formal vote of the School Board.
d. Assigned Fund Balance – amounts intended by the Board for specific purposes. The
Board can choose to delegate this authority to the Superintendent or Business
Administrator, depending on the situation. Items that would fall under this type of fund
balance could be encumbrances.
e. Unassigned Fund Balance – residual spendable fund balance after subtracting all of the
above amounts.

2. Committed Fund Balance. The School Board, as the government’s highest level of decision-making
authority, may commit fund balance by a formal vote prior to the government’s fiscal
year-end for that fiscal year. Future modification or rescission of committed funds must
likewise be accomplished by a formal vote of the School Board prior to fiscal year-end.

3. Assigned Fund Balance. The School Board expressly delegates to the Superintendent,
through the Business Administrator, the authority under this policy to assign funds for
particular purposes.

4. Spending Prioritizations:
a. When an expenditure is incurred that would qualify for payment with either restricted or
unrestricted funds, it will be paid from restricted funds.
b. When an expenditure is incurred that qualifies for payment from either of the three
unrestricted fund balance categories, it will be applied in the following order:
1) Committed, 2) Assigned, and 3) Unassigned.

5. Deficit Fund Balance. At year end if any of the special revenue funds (i.e. food service,
vocational education funds, etc.) has a deficit unassigned fund balance then the
Superintendent is authorized to transfer funds from the general fund to cover the deficit,
providing the general fund has money to do so.

6. The School Board will turn back any unassigned general fund balance at year-end to offset
the next fiscal year’s tax rate for the Town.

7. Annual Review. Compliance with the provisions of this policy shall be reviewed as a part of
the annual budget adoption process.

Adopted: October 6, 2011
Revised: June 6, 2013
Reviewed: May 7, 2015
Reviewed: April 7, 2016